Since cannabis is only beginning to get a positive widespread recognition, many still find reading cannabis labels confusing.Besides, the che
Looking to set up a cannabis farm, improve your existing garden, or simply to gain knowledge on how weed is grown?Here are some vital information and tools to help you grow good high potent buds.
Initially, raising good cannabis herbs can seem overwhelming. But with a pro guide, it shouldn’t.
For starters, all you may need is a little space around the home and, of course, a small budget to get the ball rolling, particularly if you wish to grow your weed indoors.
Identify Your Grow Space
Before anything else, it’s common knowledge that you need to map out your grow space. A decent grow tent for a start isn’t a bad idea.
These small-sized tents are relatively affordable, fits for limited spaces indoors and with easy installation that can be handled by one person – you!
These tents come in different designs and with a pack of functions like the complex hydroponic addition.
Starting out, the extra expensive plastic may not be necessary. You’d even find some options with a dedicated chamber for cloning and vegetative growth, an ideal recommendation for those with limited grow space.
As with all plants, cultivation is a skill learnt and developed over time. While the steps are pretty easy to learn, mastering may take a lifetime.
Are you having a cold feet starting out your cannabis cultivation journey. No worries.
This article takes you through the ropes of growing weed. The information will help you understand and make a well-informed decision on maximizing your yields.
Fundamental elements for your cannabis grow
When choosing your grow space, here are some fundamentals you should note:
For good yields, cannabis requires over 18 hours of light daily. Growing indoor, you’d practically determine how much of this requirement your plant weeds. This would be made possible with the use of a timer.
Outdoors, germination should be on hold until your herbs can get over 12 hours daylight, including about 8 hours of daily sunlight.
If you’re growing organically, you will need a specific type of soil – whether for indoor or outdoor grow.
However, there are other grow medium besides soil. Some nutrient-packed mediums include perlite, coconut coir, rock wool or vermiculite.For Aeroponic, there is no need for a medium. The pot roots are suspended and right there it gets its nutrients.
To promote adequate ventilation and exchange of gases, and maximize the plants energy, you should promote moving fresh air around your farm.
This may not be a problem outdoors, as there is almost always moving air outside.To promote fresh moving air indoors, you may need a fan and stale air outlet. Care should be taken, however, to avoid accumulation of aspirated gases, which may cause stunted plants.
All living things need water – cannabis too needs a great amount of water to thrive optimally.
If you’ve regular rains, you may have no further need for water. Cannabis plants are surprisingly water-consuming. If you’re considering large scale cannabis cultivation, you need to make provision for water supply besides the rain.Cultivating indoor water is a critical necessity. Water takes up nutrients to the plant. Water is needed to flush soilless and hydroponic systems from time to time.
You should also have a good PH meter in your arsenal, as this will help you monitor your water toxicity level and keep your plant safe.
One good thing about growing weed is that they survive in both heat and cold conditions.
However, note that extreme conditions can leave your plant stressed, which may tell on their yields. In fact, your herbs can boil or freeze to death.For good cannabis grow, you would need 27 degree centigrade. Indoors, you can easily achieve this feat with air conditioners, fans, cooling and heating mats.
Lights usually release heat. So, you need good ventilation to air out excess heat.If planting outdoors, you’d need to monitor the climate. A sun cycle chart or app can help you set the right timings.
All living things require fueling, including cannabis. Soil packed with a good mix of living organisms, compost, mineral and vitamins can deliver enough food that’ll keep your plant well-nourished all their lifetime.
With neutral methods or hydroponics, the plant gets all its nutrient demands from a pre-designed formulation. There are concoctions specially formulated for your soilless growth.
You can hardly modulate this factor for outdoor growth. However, the humidity variations and the resultant biological adaptation can leave your plants way stronger.
Indoors, humidity level control is an important consideration – from seeds to flowering stage. Well humidified atmosphere will offer you a mould and pest-free grow environment.Regardless of your preferred grow space – whether tent, cardboard, an entire grow room or even outdoor soil or pots, these needs must be met to attain good highly potent yields with rich resins from your farm.
Let’s go over the steps to help you get started out on the right foot. Getting the right information early enough will help get it right, whether small scale indoors, or on a larger capacity.
Step One: Select your cannabis seed
As with most decisions, choosing your seed can be confusing. Cannabis comes in different strains, including Indica, Sativa, Rudelis, and a load of strain mixes called hybrids.
From your experience, what strain do you call favourite? That may be a good start point to decide which strain seed to opt for.Now, you want to picture your growth circumstance.
Will you be using a small cupboard? If yes, then there are some small-sized quick maturing strains that do well in small spaces.If space isn’t a limitation, then consider planting your large buds right into the soil or with big pots.
Step 2: Lighting for your indoor marijuana
As marijuana awareness increases, there’s a corresponding boost in farming innovations, particularly with lighting for indoor farms. There’s a wide range of options to choose from.
- Using a grow cupboard
These cupboards are specifically customized for marijuana grow -a thoughtful innovation by experts in the weed farming industry. If you’re on a bit flexible budget, these options are a good consideration for your indoor practice.
These set-ups come pre-installed with fans, lights, bag and flower chamber, separate clone, carbon filter and timers. It’s more of a simple plug and play arrangement.
- On a low budget?
If you’re low on budget, a more basic but efficient Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL) or Light Emitting Diode (a small LED panel) are interesting options that won’t blow up your budget.
You’d also find small fluorescent lights that come in different spectrum for vegetative and flowering stages – like T5 battens. They work well for limited spaces.
MH (Metal Halide) and HPS (High-Pressure Sodium) are common grow lights.
A 1000W HPS lighting [which features reflectors] will do for a 1.5 X 1.5- meter space. Also, 600W MH lighting will handle your lighting for the same space and offer you great industry standard yields.
However, you should monitor the heat generated by the lights. If there are inadequate outlets to exhaust excess heat, your space may soon become too hot to grow health herbs.
Stage 3: Cannabis Seeds and Germination
Starting out your weed planting adventure begins with seed germination.
Every seed comes with information required to grow the specific strain. They basically need the right condition for the plants to do well — otherwise, your seeds may not even germinate in the first place.
Good temperature, water, and the right location are typical factors to consider.
Typically, growing weed should happen organically without all the must-dos. It’s more of an art that needs mastering.
There are several effective techniques for growing cannabis. As you gain more experience and exposure, you’d naturally get a hang of how things work.
- The Medium
It’s recommended to place your seeds into your chosen grow medium directly. This helps to guide your plants from shock while transplanting.
In some cases though, it’s easier to grow your herb in a small pot and then transfer to a bigger pot or garden.
- Paper towel
On a plate placed in a dark warm place, place a moistened paper towel and put your weed seeds on it.
Cover the seeds with an upturn plate to help retain humidity and moisture. Within a week or less, the seed shoots should be out.
- Plugs, jiffies, rock wool starters
These make your seeds easy to maintain as it allows you to cultivate up to 50 seeds in a small space.
As soon as the seeds sprout, you can place them in their permanent positions without causing any damage, particularly to the roots.
This requires that you leave your seeds soaked in enzyme-rich water, until the tap roots begin to show up.
Then, transfer to your medium.
Gradually but quickly, the seedlings break the surface. This happens in around a week.
- Germination stations
For a good control of your grow area, germination stations offer temperature, and humidity control, which speed up germination duration.
As soon as your herb breaks the surface and the seed husk shed to expose the first baby leaves, which marks the beginning of photosynthesis.
Step 4: The vegetative stage
Photosynthesis begins as soon as the baby leaves occur. Your plant begins to metabolize, ushering in the vegetative stage.
Ideally, indoor lights should be consistent for eighteen hours daily, and six hours of night light at night.
This requirement may not align with the natural daylight hours routine.
Using electrical instruments at off-peak conditions may help you save some good bucks on your marijuana farming.
A fan powered breeze may modulate the temperature, thereby strengthening your baby plants.
Also, exotic disciplines work by releasing carbon dioxide into the environment.
Scrogging and low-stress training can help boost growth rate and quality of outdoor herbs.
Weed grows fast as soon as the daylight hours begin to increase. This usually occurs in the spring way into summer.
With good genetics and unlimited room for the roots to flourish, your weed can go as high as three or four meters at the vegetative stage.
These days, most cannabis herbs are topped all through their entire growth phase. This creates a well-spread canopy that fills naturally during the bloom phase.
Wondering how long the vegetative stage would last?
Weed vegetation continues so far they are exposed to daylight more than 12 hours.
Step 5: Blooming Phase
Blooming, budding, and flowering all refer to the same phase when it comes to cannabis growing. At this stage, you’d begin to feel the aromas. Also expect to begin to notice some exciting floral arrangements based on your strain choice.
When outdoors, the first part of your plant’s flowering stage is seen as the heat of summer goes and autumn arrives.
Indoor allows you to modulate the beginning of flowering by altering the lighting pattern to a 12-12-hour day-to-night schedule.
Based on your weed species, marijuana is prone to hormonal changes which determine whether vegetative stage continues or blooming phase starts.
Basically, flowering is of two types,
- Autoflowering and
Absolute Photo Determinate (APD) strains rely on light sensitive hormones to sustain its vegetative stage. When active, the hormones discourage flowering.
These hormones become inactive under low lights and longer nights. Flowering is encouraged with 12 hours or more of darkness.
Auto-flowering strains – these strains release hormones based on aging.
The release of this hormone stops when the plant attains a certain age; then, flowering commences – irrespective of photoperiod. This may take as short as 2 weeks following germination.
Stage 6: Harvesting, Drying, and Curing
In the last days of your growth, nutrient supply may not be necessary, as water is used to flush out the plants. This is to rid your plant off some undesirable flavour and salty aftertaste.
At the final stage, you can see your plants well covered in trichomes and the pistils changing colours. Depending on your choice strain, your buds can turn to deep orange, scarlet or brown colours.