Over time, several cannabis strains have been developed. From the long list of options, it can become tricky to settle for one.
Whether you’re a farmer or a user (whether oldie or newbie) checking out the cannabis world for some beneficial herbs, you want to be sure what strain you’re getting and its offers.Besides the confidence that comes with knowing what you’re consuming, knowing the strain classifications allows you to know whether to expect a cerebral or a body hit – or a mix of both.
Cannabis strains are grouped under Indica and Sativa group, or a mix of both worlds, otherwise called Hybrid. Hybrids are increasing every day over many years of strain crossing.How do these strain classes differ? What their high profile? How should you select between Sativa and Indica Strains?Reading on, you’ll find answers to these and even more.
Let’s delve in.
Indica is a class of cannabis famed for its therapeutic and relaxing tendencies.Cannabis Indica, according to scientific findings, can cause body high which leads to sleepiness, offering relief to conditions like chronic pain. These strains are also thought to boost appetite and curb nauseous feelings.
Farmers praise the Indica plant for its fast-growth rate.Besides, the Indica strain contains a high concentration of the non-intoxicating CBD and less THC. This makes the Indica more body-relieving than head-banging – perfect match for a long sleep after the day’s bustle.
A Little History
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French naturalist, is recognized as first to distinguish between Sativa and Indica. While investigating plant species from India in the 1700s, the research author first observed that Indica had broader leaves and a short height.The name Indica, Latin, when translated, means “Of India,” connoting its origin. However, currently, the plant is found across most parts of the world.
But Indica didn’t get any special recognition for many years, until the last part of the 20th century when the species’ popularity grew with the increasing demand for marijuana strains.Fancy names for Indica include grades, purple, due to the dark purple color typical of some Indica.
From appearance, Sativa has narrow leaves with lighter shades than its Indica counterpart.Cannabis Sativa may rather be described with its stimulating effect, which delivers the ‘head high‘ users’ experience.This specie functions better in hot, dry regions and is mainly grown across Africa, Southeast Asia, Central America, and Western Asia.
Unlike Indica, Sativa contains comparatively low CBD but with higher THC concentrations. According to common users’ review, Sativa strains may be best used to boost creativity and productivity.While distinguishing between Indica and Sativa, Lamarck pointed the remarkably taller nature of Cannabis Sativa and their narrower leaves, compared to Indica’s.
However, before Lamarck’s studies, Carl Linnaeus, Swedish Botanist, had in 1753 named the intoxicating cannabis variant Sativa, meaning “Cultivated” in Latin.Let’s take a more detailed look at the differences between Sativa and Indica Strain
- Generally – Indica is short, with broad and dense leaves.
- They grow faster than Sativa
- They contain more CBD than THC
- Leaves you more couch-locked than cerebrally high.
- Mostly recommended for stimulating appetite, relaxation, pain relief, and sleep aid.
- Best used for nighttime relaxation
- Decrease acute pain
- Muscle relaxation
- Mental clarity
- Increases dopamine
- Perfect for nighttime relaxation and sleep aid
- Reduces nausea
- Boost appetite
Indica strains are best grown in harsh and dry regions such as Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Turkey, etc.
Cannabis Sativa is known for its head high. Users say it leaves them with euphoric feelings, increased energy, boosted creativity, uplifted and alert. Sativa strains usually boast high THC and low CBD and may work for daytime doses.
- Sativa plant comes taller – about 8 to 12ft tall
- Long narrow leaves with lighter green than Indica
- Typically grows slower and less dense compared to Indica
They do best in hot, dry climates, including Southeast Asia, Central America, Western Asia, and Africa.
Sativa Potential Benefits
- Manages chronic pain
- Increase creativity and focus
Boost serotonin, chemicals responsible for moos, learning sleep, appetite, and anxiety.
A Snag- No regulatory body
Talking strain classification, any farmer can wake up and label its product by a strain that pleases most. There are no regulatory bodies to monitor cultivators and regulate how strains are named.Presently, most strain labels on cannabis products are ignorantly inaccurate.Most cases, the seedlings are delivered from large seed banks and, too often, farmers do not exactly know what’s in the seeds. Such ignorance usually lingers until the plants are harvested and eventually sold with whatever label ‘looks’ suitable.
Worse, more and more cannabis cultivars are crossbreeding strains, all in the bid to creates their patent blends. This further complicates the already complex consumer decision process, leaving consumers at the mercy of fly-by-night producers.For this, a trial and error approach may be your best bet. This way, users can tell [from firsthand experience rather than mere labels] which strain does what for them.